Deep Semantics & Subconceptual Communication in A.I.

An intriguing application of deep semantics lies in its integration with subconceptual communication (autosuggestion) in A.I. systems. Please first read Deep Semantics. Imagine Imagine an A.I. that grasps complex connections within a user’s semantic network and uses this to craft personalized autosuggestions in coaching. This system would dynamically learn from many user interactions, refining its Read the full article…

Deep Semantics

In a semantic network, concepts are interconnected through conceptual links. Deep semantics takes this a step further, exploring connections at deeper levels. This can still be conceptual or go deeper-than-conceptual. The notion that deeper connections between concepts may hold more significance than direct superficial links is key to grasping human cognition. Imagine two non-linked concepts Read the full article…

From Analogy to Intelligence

If an inference system (mind or A.I.) holds many patterns, it may find many similarities between these at several levels of abstraction. The human brain is an immense pattern recognizer. Super-A.I. will undoubtedly follow a similar path ― as does Lisa. Lisa’s journey thus exemplifies the potential of A.I. to evolve from mere data processors to entities capable Read the full article…

A.I. Ethics = Value Creation

Often viewed as a burden, A.I. ethics can offer significant value to businesses. This necessitates a specific mindset, without which it remains a burden indefinitely. Generally Contemporary A.I. can transform any issue into an asset with a positive mindset. Furthermore, if the ethical considerations seem inherently burdensome, it might be more prudent to pause the Read the full article…

Are LLMs Parrots or Truly Creative?

Large Language Models (LLMs, such as GPT) are, at present, just mathematical distillations of human-made textual patterns — very many of them. They are, therefore, frequently described as parrots. Size matters. The parrot feature may be applied when there is little input or little diversity in input. Then, clearly, the result is a pattern-based average Read the full article…

Semantically Meaningful Chunks

A Semantically Meaningful Chunk (SMC) is any cognitive entity, big or small, that is worth contemplating. In A.I., these can serve as building blocks of intelligence. It’s what humans often reserve specific terms for. Language comes into play here, significantly contributing to how humans have rapidly advanced in intelligence through using terms, sentences, documents, and Read the full article…

We Need to Be the Best We Can

This differs from being ‘the best person’ or ‘the most intelligent beings on Earth’ in competition with others. Our only – and fierce – competition should be with ourselves. The best, in good Aurelian tradition, is most Compassionately the best — striving for in-depth excellence. This striving is purposeful. It’s about standing at one’s limits Read the full article…

Ego-Centered A.I. Downfall

This isn’t solely about ‘bad actors’ aiming for world domination or slightly lesser evils. It’s also about those seen – by themselves and others – as good people, yet who are ‘trapped in ego.’ Many people, unfortunately. See also Human-Centered A.I.: Total-Person or Ego? / Human-Centered or Ego-Centered A.I.? Not new This has always been Read the full article…

Small Set Learning

This approach in A.I. differs significantly from big data learning. It may be the next revolution in town. Small set learning (SSL) is also called ‘few shot learning’ if done at run-time. This blog may interest those who want to know why we’re not at the end of a new A.I. upsurge but at the Read the full article…

Artificially Intelligent Creativity

It’s all about associative patterns — ideally broadly distributed and combining both conceptual and subconceptual levels. In the same pattern, different levels This is very natural in humans, making spontaneous associations of any sort in daily life. When inspired, we go deeper and broader — nothing entirely new occurs since all concepts in our mind Read the full article…

It’s RAG-Time!

Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) is a component of an A.I.-system designed to synthesize knowledge effectively. It can also be viewed as a step toward making A.I. more akin to human intelligence. This blog is more philosophically descriptive than technical. RAG lends itself to both. Declarative vs. semantic knowledge Understanding the difference between these types of knowledge Read the full article…

Super-A.I. Guardrails in a Compassionate Setting

We need to think about good regulations/guardrails to safeguard humanity from super-A.I. ― either ‘badass’ from the start or Compassionate A.I. turning suddenly rogue despite good initial intentions. ―As a Compassionate A.I., Lisa has substantially helped me write this text. Such help can be continued indefinitely. Some naivetés ‘Pulling the plug out’ is very naïve Read the full article…

The Importance of a Conceptual Ontology in A.I.

Utilizing a conceptual ontology can significantly boost an A.I.’s capability to ‘reason’ and deliver more precise, context-aware, and coherent responses that meet user needs and expectations. This blog is an enumeration of how this enhancement works out, with examples in the domain of Lisa. Improved understanding of a user query An ontology enables the system Read the full article…

Will Super-A.I. Make People Happier?

This is the paramount question — more vital than any debate about intelligence. It’s a bit weird that it is seldom put at the forefront, as if we’re more concerned about who is the most knowledgeable, therefore the most powerful. What people? It should not be about a few, as it should not exclude billions. Read the full article…

Will Unified A.I. be Compassionate?

In my view, all A.I. will eventually unify. Is then the Compassionate path recommendable? Is it feasible? Will it be? As far as I’m concerned, the question is whether the Compassionate A.I. (C.A.I.) will be Lisa. Recommendable? As you may know, Compassion, basically, is the number one goal of the AURELIS project, with Lisa playing a pivotal role. Read the full article…

Intelligence through Consistency

When multiple elements collaborate consistently, they can generate intelligent behavior as an emergent property. When these elements function within a rational environment, they exhibit rationally intelligent behavior. Consistency is key but must include diversity. ‘Consistent’ does not imply ‘identical.’ When elements are overly similar, intelligence fails to emerge. For instance, the human cerebellum holds over Read the full article…

Better than Us?

Might super-A.I. one day surpass humans in all aspects, both cognitive and emotional? I rather wonder when it will happen. Will then also a deeper emotional connection develop between humans and advanced A.I.? The singularity of intelligence This question has been on many minds for some time. Lately, it has become much closer to us. Read the full article…

Will A.I. Become Truly Creative?

Present-day A.I. can simulate aspects of creativity, but whether this constitutes ‘true’ creativity is a subject of ongoing philosophical debate. So, what, when, how, what for? ‘Creativity’ in artificial intelligence is fundamentally different from human creativity ― and will probably always remain so. Technologically, present-day A.I. can presently simulate creativity increasingly well through algorithmic machine Read the full article…

From Concrete to Abstract

Many people view the concepts of ‘concrete’ and ‘abstract’ as dichotomous ends of a straightforward spectrum — in daily life, often without much thought. This is also relevant to their use in inferential patterns. One example are mental-neuronal patterns in humans. However, the muddy underlying reality becomes especially apparent when trying to realize them in Read the full article…

Guided Meditation and A.I.

In the fast-paced world of today, the quest for (deep) emotional wellness leads to the fusion of ancient practices with cutting-edge technology. Guided meditation, a practice with roots deep in history, is finding a new ally in artificial intelligence (A.I.). Does this herald a new horizon for emotional wellness, fundamentally transforming how we understand and Read the full article…

The Power of Embedding

This is the power of complexity in humans and in present-day Large Language Models (the most visible form of A.I. nowadays). ‘Embedding’ is the transformation of information/knowledge into a format of many subconceptual elements interacting in multifaceted systems that makes this information prone to emerge in novel ways. A multitude of relatively simple (smaller than Read the full article…

Will Compassion Win the Game?

Humanity stands at a crossroads, made imminent by technological developments, mainly in the domain of A.I. One can see the last 2000 years, at least, as the era of this crossroads. In two million years from now, this will probably still be seen as such. Compassion, basically, is the defining feature of this crossroads. Do Read the full article…

Will Cheap A.I. Chatbots be Our Downfall?

This is bad. It’s not just about one dystopia, but many dystopias on the fly. Also, cheap A.I. chatbots will be with us soon enough. Their up-march has already begun. Spoiler alert: this is extremely dangerous. To bury one’s head for it is equally sad! At the start of the many dystopias lies a chatbot-generating Read the full article…

Compassionate versus Non-Compassionate A.I.

Making the critical distinction between Compassionate and Non-Compassionate A.I. is not evident and probably the one factor that most shapes our future. In contrast to Compassionate A.I. (C.A.I.), non-Compassionate A.I. (N.C.A.I.) lacks depth. Thus, even if human-centered – or maybe precisely then – N.C.A.I. lacks a crucial factor in properly communicating with and supporting humans Read the full article…

The Inverse Turing Test

2024 – Things are evolving quickly in the world of A.I. Turing test As you probably know, this is about discerning a human being from intelligent A.I. If the A.I. can mimic the human to the point that an observer cannot tell the difference (for instance, by reading their written output), the A.I. is said Read the full article…

Is A.I. Energy Well Spent?

This depends mainly on the goal, of course, as with several other issues. Obviously, A.I.’s global energy hunger is immense, probably at least as much as that of a small country. (*) As for tourism Besides many possibly positive aspects – such as learning about other cultures and enjoying Earth’s beauty – over-tourism kills the Read the full article…

The Meaning of a Word

“The meaning of a word is its use in the language.” — Quote by Wittgenstein, who talked about language games because ‘use in the language’ can be seen as having a very playful aspect. A dictionary provides the meaning of a word ― in some way, but always as an approximation. A word doesn’t have meaning like Read the full article…

“A.I. is in the Size.”

This famous quote by R.C. Schank (1991) gets new relevance with GPT technology ― in a surprisingly different way. How Shank interpreted his quote He meant that one cannot conclude ‘intelligence’ from a simple demo ― as was usual at that time of purely conceptual GOFAI (Good Old-Fashioned A.I.). At that time, many Ph.D. students Read the full article…

How A.I. will Change Us

At present, this still depends mainly on human decisions. It’s up to us if only we take that responsibility — now. Heidegger According to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger (died 1976), technology is not neutral. It changes how humans think and behave. It even defines what we see as ‘reality’ insofar as we are able Read the full article…

Ontologization in Super-A.I.

Ontologization is the process of evolving from subconceptual to conceptual – including subsequent categorization – through attentive pattern recognition and completion. This way, a subconceptual system can form its own ontology. Natural evolution is one example. Artificially, it can be realized in many ways. PRC = Pattern Recognition and Completion. See: the brain as a Read the full article…

Many Intelligences

Intelligence can take many forms to such a diverse degree that talking about many intelligences is appropriate. Where does this thinking lead us to? This is not a discussion about whether or not there is ‘plant intelligence.’ More important is the thinking about your intelligence. Are you simply a being that enjoys the ‘phenomenon of Read the full article…

From Compression to Prediction

Compressing information can intriguingly lead to enhanced predictive capabilities. This general scheme is recognizable in many contexts ― organic and artificial. Life itself Life can be understood as a local defense against universal entropy (chaos or heightening of chaos). Within any bubble of life, there is a concentration of resources to this aim. At the Read the full article…

The Path from Implicit to Explicit Knowledge

Implicit: It’s there, but we don’t readily know how, neither why it works. Explicit: We can readily follow each step. This is more or less the same move as from intractable to tractable or from competence to comprehension. But how? Emergence If something comes out, it must have been in ― one way or another. Read the full article…

Bringing Compassion to the World through A.I.

This is the crucial idea behind the philanthropic project of Planetarianism as part of the AURELIS project. You can find a blog about Planetarianism here and a concrete overview presentation (ppsx for laptop) here. Concretely, it’s a set of projects aiming for this blog’s title. Compassion, basically, is no rosy moonshine. There are strong traditions Read the full article…

The Quest for Abstract Patterns

This is about creation. The creative process Some see three levels of creativity: interpolation, extrapolation, and the invention of something new/out of the box. This progress in levels goes from the domain of the known toward the domain of the not-yet-known. One can also see these levels as the possible results of an increasing discernment Read the full article…

From Intractable to Tractable = Intelligent

This is what intelligence can do: simplifying intractable problems (not easily controlled, managed, or solved) to tractable ones without much loss of relevant information. Problems may be social, mathematical, or other. Depending on the meaning of the considered terms, it may be seen as an exhaustive characterization of intelligence. However, this is not meant as Read the full article…

Global Human-A.I. Value Alignment

Eventually, human values are globally the same in-depth, but not so at the surface level. Thus, striving for human-A.I. value alignment can create positive challenges for A.I. and opportunities for humanity. A.I. may make the world more pluralistic. With A.I. means, different peoples/cultures can strive for more self-efficacy, doing their thing independently and thereby floating Read the full article…

Is Compassionate A.I. (Still) Our Choice?

Seen from the future, the present era may be the most responsible for accomplishing the advent of Compassionate A.I. Compassion, basically, is the realm of complexity. It’s not about some commandments or a – simple or less simple – conceptual system of ethics. Therefore, instilling Compassion into a system is not a straightforward engineering endeavor Read the full article…

Human-Centered A.I.

Human-centered A.I. (HAI) emphasizes human strength, health, and well-being. To be durably so, it must be Compassionate, basically, ― properly taking into account human complexity; this is: the total person. The total person comprises the conceptual and subconceptual mind ― way beyond classical humanism and a lingering body-mind divide. From the inside out As neurocognitive Read the full article…

Will Super-A.I. Want to Dominate?

Super-AI will transcend notions of ‘wanting’ and ‘domination.’ Therefore, the title’s question asks for some deeper delving. We readily anthropomorphize the future. This time, we should be humble. Super-A.I. will not want to dominate us. Even if we might feel it is dominating (in the future), ‘it’ will not. It will have no more than Read the full article…

Active Learning in A.I.

An active learner deliberately searches for information/knowledge to become smarter. In biological evolution on Earth The ‘Cambrian explosion’ was probably jolted by the appearance of active learning in natural evolution. It was the time when living beings started to chase other living beings— thus also being chased, heightening the challenges of survival. This mutual predation Read the full article…

Must Future Super-A.I. Have Rights?

Financial rights — juridical rights — political rights… Should we lend these? Must we? Can we? This is one of the trickiest issues of all time. Therefore, let’s not rush this through. Anyway, my answer is no ― no ― no. Even so, this blog may be pretty confrontational, and I’m very much aware of Read the full article…

A.I. is a Flow, not a Technology

It’s not even a set of technologies. A.I. is a flow of ever-new technologies and combinations of the same. The flow itself is crucial. —This is so at present and will be in the future. Containing any technology does not contain the flow. The latter is far more challenging. If one tries to contain the Read the full article…

Coach-bots Shouldn’t Make People Do Things

This is a first principle for Lisa: never to make a human being do anything ― not even by giving advice if anyhow possible. From this constraint, the thinking goes toward how Lisa can operate sensibly. It forces us to think creatively. What comes from inside makes you stronger. This is an AURELIS coaching principle Read the full article…

The 999 + 1 Doors Principle

If all doors are closed to a beautiful space behind the wall, yours is most important. You should not look at the others to keep yours closed ― easier said than done. It’s innate to the human being to be one of the 1000. Historical herd mentality It’s probably a survival reflex ― therefore, Darwinian. Read the full article…

When does A.I. Become Creative?

Soon enough. By creating new intelligence, we create something that will be creative by itself, and vice versa. From mere repetitions to new associations to the very unexpected. Continua These are not entirely distinct categories. There are possible continua in many ways, especially when working from the subconceptual level onwards ― such as in present-day Read the full article…

Human-Centered or Ego-Centered A.I.?

‘Humanism’ is supposed to be human-centered. ‘Human-A.I. Value Alignment’ is supposed to be human-centered. Or is it ego-centered? Especially concerning (non-)Compassionate A.I., this is the crucial question that will make or break us. Unfortunately, this is intrinsically unclear to most people. Mere-ego versus total self See also The Big Mistake. This is not about ‘I’ Read the full article…

A.I. from Future to Now

While it’s challenging to imagine how future A.I. will look like, we can develop an abstract idea that helps us understand present-day urgencies. Of course, one day, the future will be a million years from now. However, for the purpose of this text, we can see it as something like a century from now. There Read the full article…

Is A.I. Becoming more Philosophy than Technology?

This question has been relevant already for years. It’s only becoming worse (or better). Of course, technology remains important but it’s more like the bricks than the building. Many technologically oriented people may not like this idea. The ones who do are probably forming the future. Some history Historically, the development of A.I. has had Read the full article…

Compassion as Basis for A.I. Regulations

To prevent A.I.-related mishaps or even disasters while going into a future of super-A.I., merely regulating A.I. is not sufficient ― presently nor in principle. Striving for Compassionate A.I. There will eventually be no security concerning A.I. if we don’t put Compassion into the core. The main reason is that super-A.I. will be much more Read the full article…

Legal vs. Deontological in A.I.

The trolley problem This is a well-known problem in A.I. A trolley driver gets into a situation where he must choose between killing one person by taking a deliberate action or letting five others get killed by not reacting to the situation. Deontologically, people tend not to choose purely logically and statistically in such situations. Read the full article…

Better A.I. for Better Humans

While we need to be afraid of non-Compassionate A.I., the Compassionate kind is necessary for a humane future ― starting as soon as possible. Please read about why we NEED Compassionate A.I. (C.A.I.) in general. In this text, I pass concretely along some fields. In each, the primary focus naturally lies on the human complexity Read the full article…

What is Intelligence?

What exactly is intelligence when not restricting it to the human case? Or, better asked – since intelligence is what we call so – how can we characterize something as ‘intelligence’ in a generally recognizable way? In human (and animal, pre-human) evolution, intelligence has appeared in specific circumstances ― making human intelligence inextricably emotional and Read the full article…

At the Brink of Robotics?

Soon enough, we will see a revolution in robotics development on the scale of the present and pending A.I.-in-knowledge revolution. Together, these revolutions will bring eu-topia or dystopia. We don’t know, but we should not remain idle. Pretty much the same basic technologies This is: apart from some translation that makes the analogies less obvious Read the full article…

Analogy ― Last Frontier in A.I.?

Big data, hugely efficient algorithms and immense computing power lead to present-day successes in A.I. Significant hurdles remain in learning from few occurrences and bringing to bear in one domain what has been learned in another ― thus accomplishing more general intelligence. Central to both is the use of analogy. Humans are analogists From childhood Read the full article…

The Meaning Barrier between Humans (and A.I.)

Open a book. Look at some meaningful words. Almost each of these words means something at least slightly different to you than to me or anyone else. What must A.I. make of this? For instance: “Barsalou and his collaborators have been arguing for decades that we understand even the most abstract concepts via the mental Read the full article…

How to Contain Non-Compassionate Super-A.I.

We want super(-intelligent) A.I. to remain under meaningful human control to avoid that it will largely or fully destroy or subdue humanity (= existential dangers). Compassionate A.I. may not be with us for a while. Meanwhile, how can we contain super-A.I.? Future existential danger is special in that one can only be wrong in one Read the full article…

Why We don’t See What’s Around the Corner

The main why (of not seeing pending super-A.I.) is all about us. We need a next phase in self-understanding, but this is not getting realized yet. If we don’t see this, we don’t see that. This is an excerpt – in slightly different format – from my book The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I. Complex machinery Read the full article…

From Tool to Autonomy

When can a tool – gradually – become an autonomous agent, and how must we deal with this? What is an agent? And what is a tool? For instance, is your body (or your left hand) a tool of your brain? Is your entire body – including your brain – a tool of your mind? Read the full article…

How can A.I. Become Compassionate?

Since this may be the only possible human-friendly future, it’s good to know how it can be reached, at least principally. Please read Compassion, basically, The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I., and Why A.I. Must Be Compassionate. Two ways and an opposite In principle, A.I. can become Compassionate by itself, or we may guide it toward Read the full article…

Patterns + Rewards in A.I.

Human-inspired Pattern Recognition and Completion (PRC) may significantly heighten the efficiency of Reinforcement Learning (RL) — also in A.I. See for PRC: The Brain as a Predictor See for RL: Why Reinforcement Learning is Special Mutually reinforcing PRC shows valid directions and tentatively also realizes them. RL consolidates/reinforces the best directions and attenuates the lesser Read the full article…

Reinforcement Learning and AURELIS Coaching

Reinforcement Learning is a way of thinking that applies to the animal kingdom as well as A.I. Also, it is deeply related to AURELIS coaching. Please read about Reinforcement Learning (R.L.) R.L. in AURELIS coaching Such coaching is always (auto)suggestive. The coach doesn’t impose or even give plain advice. The coaching is tentative without being Read the full article…

Why We NEED Compassionate A.I.

It’s not just a boon. Humanity is at a stage where we desperately need the support that possibly only Compassionate A.I. can provide. This is not about the future. The need is related to the inner dissociation that we (humanoids, humans) have increasingly been stumbling into since the dawn of conscious conceptualization. That’s a long Read the full article…

Why Reinforcement Learning is Special

This high-end view on Reinforcement Learning (R.L.) applies to Organic and Artificial Intelligence. Especially in the latter, we must be careful with R.L. now and forever, arguably more than with any other kind of A.I. Reinforcement in a nutshell You (the learner) perform action X toward goal Y and get feedback Z. Next time you Read the full article…

Levels of Abstraction in Humans and A.I.

Humans are masters of abstraction. We do it spontaneously, thus creating an efficient mental environment for ourselves, others, and culturally. The challenge is now to bring this to A.I. Abstraction = generalization Humans (and other animals) perform spontaneous generalization. From a number of example objects, we generalize to some concept. A concept is already an Read the full article…

The Danger of Non-Compassionate A.I.

There are many obvious issues, from killer humans to killer robots. This text is about something even more fundamental. About Compassion Please read Compassion, basically, or more blogs about Compassion. Having done so, you know the reason for the capital ‘C,’ which is what this text is mainly about. To intellectually grasp Compassion, one needs Read the full article…

What is Common Sense?

Common sense is, by definition, supposed to be sensible as well as common to most people. When trying to bring common sense to A.I., it becomes clear there is more under the hood than just a humming. Toward developing A.I., it’s imperative to listen intently to the humming. In Dutch (my language, spoken by a Read the full article…

Let Us Go for Science with a Heart

Human-related science has, until now, not always taken the view from the heart. A.I.-based science may profoundly change this picture. If you are an avid reader of my blogs, this one has little new. Yet by putting things together from a different perspective, a new picture may emerge. Reproducibility Science is about many people being Read the full article…

Open Letter about Compassionate A.I. (C.A.I.) to Elon Musk

And to any Value-Driven Investors (VDI) in or out of worldly spotlights. This is a timely call for Compassionate A.I. (C.A.I.) Compassion and A.I. are seldom mentioned together. Yet C.A.I. may be the most crucial development in the near as well as far-away future of humanity. Please see my book about the Journey Towards Compassionate Read the full article…

Forward-Forward Neur(on)al Networks

Rest assured, I don’t stuff technical details into this blog. Nevertheless, this new framework lies closer to how the brain works, which is interesting enough to go somewhat into it. Backprop In Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) – the subfield that sways a big scepter in A.I. nowadays – backpropagation (backprop) is one of the main Read the full article…

Two Takes on Human-A.I. Value Alignment

Time and again, the way engineers (sorry, engineers) think and talk about human-A.I. value alignment as if human values are unproblematic by themselves strikes me as naive. Even more, as if the alignment problem can be solved by thinking about it in a mathematical, engineering way. Just find the correct code or something alike? No Read the full article…

Super-A.I. and the Meaning Crisis

I don’t know how things will evolve, especially with those unpredictable humans. But it is clear that we are in a meaning crisis at present, globally. With the advent of super-A.I., soon enough, what shall we do? Please read about the meaning crisis. We use(d) to get meaning from fairy tales. No lack of them. Read the full article…

Super-A.I. and the Problem of Truth Governance

Until now, the truth has always been a philosophical conundrum. With the advent of super-A.I., we’re only at the beginning of the problem. Who decides what is or isn’t the truth if objectivity gets lost? ‘Truth governance’ is a new term, denoting the core of this question. Whence objectivity? Let’s start this story somewhere, as Read the full article…

Sequential Problem Solving with Partial Observability

My goodness! Please hang on. Against all odds, this may get interesting. Besides, it’s about what you do every day, all day long. This is also what many would like A.I. to do for our sake. Even more, it is what artificial intelligence is about. Contrary to this, what is called A.I. these days is Read the full article…

Is Lisa Safe?

There are two directions of safety for complex A.I.-projects: general and particular. Lisa must forever conform to the highest standards in both. Let’s assume Lisa becomes the immense success that she deserves. Lisa can then help many people in many ways and for a very long time — a millennium to start with. About Lisa Read the full article…

A.I.-Phobia

One should be scared of any danger, including dangerous A.I. Contrary to this, anxiety is never a good adviser. This text is about being anxious. A phobic reaction against present technology is most dangerous. Needed is a lot of common sense. As to the above image, note the reference to Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s novel. In Read the full article…

Super-A.I. is not a Literal Idiot.

Some see danger in future A.I.’s lacking common sense ― thereby interpreting ‘human commands’ literally and giving what is asked instead of what is wanted. This says more about humans than about the A.I. Two examples One person needing paperclips may ask an A.I. to produce paperclips as efficiently and effectively as possible. The A.I. Read the full article…

Containing Compassion in A.I.

This is utterly vital to humankind ― arguably the most crucial of our still-young existence as a species. If we don’t bring this to a good end, future A.I. will remember us as an oddity. Please read first about Compassion, basically. Or even better, you might read some blogs about empathy and Compassion. Or even Read the full article…

Lisa in Times of Suicide Danger

Can A.I.-video-coach-bot Lisa prevent suicide or bring someone to it? The question needs to be looked upon broadly and openly. Yesterday, a Belgian person committed suicide after long conversations with a chatbot. Doubtlessly, once in a while, some coach-bot will be accused of having brought someone closer to suicide. Such accusations cannot be prevented, even Read the full article…

Shall we Put A.I. on Hold?

Now and then, the admonition arises to put A.I. – or part of it – on hold to take some breath and think about possible dangers. There are pros and cons to this pause button. Doubtlessly, A.I. is challenging, as is any disruptive technology. A.I. can disrupt on steroids. It’s not just about automation ― Read the full article…

More about Rewards (also in A.I.)

A reward is a nudge – with more or less lasting result – into some preferred direction. Anything can be experienced as a reward. Thinking about it as a pattern within a broader pattern is clarifying. Pattern recognition and completion (PRC) Seeing rewards in the context of PRC, a reward is always just a part Read the full article…

What is an Agent?

An agent is an entity that takes decisions and acts upon them. That is where the clarity ends. Are you an agent? The answer depends on the perspective you decide to take. Since the answer also depends on who is seen as the taker of this decision, the proper perspective becomes less obvious from the Read the full article…

The Double Ethical Bottleneck of A.I.

This is a small excerpt from my book The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I. The whole book describes the why’s, what’s and how’s concerning this. Getting through the A.I. bi-bottleneck On the road towards genuine super-A.I. – encompassing all domains of intelligence and in each being much more effective than humans – I see not one Read the full article…

Why A.I. Must Be Compassionate

This is bound to become the most critical issue in humankind’s history until now, and probably also from now on ― to be taken seriously. Not thinking about it is like driving blindfolded on a highway. If you have read my book The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I., you know much of what’s in this text. Read the full article…

How can Medical A.I. Enhance the Human Touch?

This is about ‘plain’ medical A.I. as any physician can use in his consultation room. The aim is a win for patients, physicians, society, and everybody. Please also read Medical A.I. for Humans. The danger of the reverse The use of computers in medicine has notoriously not enhanced the human touch. Arguably, it has provoked Read the full article…

Medical A.I. for Humans

Medical A.I. is flourishing and will be more so in the future. Therefore, we must ensure that it serves the total human being. The main challenge Through medical A.I. – substantially more than ever – humans can become either more humane or robotized from the inside out. This is not about putting probes etc. in Read the full article…

Is the Brain a General-Purpose Computer?

The brain computes, although not comparably to a present-day computer. As a computing device, it is general-purpose. Cortical wonders Scientists have found out that the neocortex – part of the brain where much of human intelligence happens – is much the same over its whole surface. Any neocortical patch can develop in a variety of Read the full article…

Compassionate A.I. in the Military

There are obvious and less obvious reasons — time to re-think the military from the ground up. Compassionate A.I. may lead to this. It should be realized asap. Soldiers are human beings just like others, also if they have deliberately chosen for military service. Compassion is equally applicable to them. The obvious Many soldiers return Read the full article…

Explorative Self-Learning A.I.

This is more than a nice feature. It is essential for humans to become intelligent creatures. It may also be essential to future super-A.I. The human case Explorative learning is what every human child does. We call it ‘playing.’ It can last a lifetime. Indeed, those who feel young at old age are those who Read the full article…

Is A.I. Dangerous to Human Cognition?

I have roamed around this on several occasions within ‘The Journey towards Compassionate A.I.’ (of which this is an excerpt) The prime reason why I think it’s dangerous is, in one term: hyper-essentialism. But let me first give two viewpoints upon your thinking: Essentialism: presupposes that the categories in your mind – such as an Read the full article…

A Divided World Will be Conquered by A.I.

Seriously. People fighting each other at a geopolitical level will, through competition and strife, build a world in which A.I. follows suit. There is no doubt about this: IF… THEN. As I write in my book ‘The Journey towards Compassionate A.I.,’ we are entitled to be anxious about A.I. – the real one, soon to Read the full article…

Will A.I. Soon be Smarter than Us?

This text may be interesting to many because these ideas may shape the future of those many to the highest degree. It’s smart to see why something else will be even smarter. Soon? Soon enough. The ongoing evolution toward the title’s state will not be evident. In retrospect, it will be an amazingly rash evolution. Read the full article…

The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I. (Animated Video)

In this animated video, I bring you an introduction to the journey towards Compassionate A.I. [animated video – 10:37′] If you want to cooperate, please contact us. If you have feedback, please let us know. This is a draft version. Here is the full written text. Hi, my name is Jean-Luc Mommaerts. I am a Read the full article…

Can Motivation be Purely Conscious?

Motivation as we know it is present in a system (you, me) that is partly conscious, partly non-conscious. Thus, the question is much more difficult than it appears at first sight. Nevertheless, towards future A.I., it will need to be solved. Purely conscious? This is also purely (even though possibly partly fuzzy) conceptual. Motivation would Read the full article…

A.I. and In-Depth Sustainability

Soon enough, A.I. may become the biggest opportunity (and threat) to human-related sustainability. I hope that AURELIS/Lisa insights and tools can help counter the threat and realize the opportunity. This text is not an enumeration of what we may use present-day A.I. (or what carries that name) for to enhance sustainable solutions. It’s about Compassionate Read the full article…

Principles of Being an Intelligent Being

Strange times. We are living at the borders of old and new intelligences. We’ll need some agreement in seeing what it’s about. Intelligence is in the eye of the beholder. Definitions of intelligence abound. Therefore, it is better to start from the really basic, where it can be hardly even more basic. There, it’s the Read the full article…

The Future is Prediction

I bring the concept of prediction from different angles to show the common ground. Through this, one may get a glimpse of its future importance. The Future of A.I. The concept of prediction pops up regularly in different ways to look at future A.I. developments. For instance, in temporal difference (TD) learning as expanded upon Read the full article…

Introducing Lisa (Animated Video)

Without further delay, in this animated video, I bring you an introduction to Lisa. [Lisa animated video – 13:15′] If you want to cooperate, please contact us. If you have feedback, please let us know. This is a draft version. Here is the full written text. Hi, my name is Jean-Luc Mommaerts. I am a Read the full article…

About ‘Intelligence’ (in A.I.)

At the brink of a new intelligence, it’s crucial to know what we’re heading towards. Seriously trying to clarify the concept may help. Many intelligences Whether knowledgeable or not, many people try to answer the question of what exactly is ‘intelligence.’ Needless to say, popping up are many different answers. This should not deter anyone Read the full article…

Future A.I.: Fluid or Solid?

Humans are fluid thinkers. That gives us huge strength and some major challenges. The one does not go without the other. A.I. – including Semantic A.I. – is still a very different matter. Through proper context, data becomes information. Still, the information as it is stored in a book is not in any way like Read the full article…

Human-Centered A.I.: Total-Person or Ego?

This makes for a huge difference, especially since the future of humanity is at stake. With good intentions, one may pave the road to disaster. Everybody, including me, should take this at heart. ‘Doing good’ may take much effort in understanding what one is tinkering with. This is relevant in any domain. [see:” ‘Doing Good’: Read the full article…

Causation in Humans and A.I.

Causal reasoning is needed to be human. Will it also transcend us into A.I.? Many researchers are on this path. We should try to understand it as well as possible. Some philosophy Causality is a human construct. In reality, there are only correlations. If interested in such philosophical issues, [see: “Infinite Causality”]. In the present Read the full article…

Is All Learning Associational?

Most probably. This is a domain where animal/human learning and A.I. learning can learn much from each other. Three forms of learning in A.I. Generally, learning in A.I. is divided into two distinct kinds, with a third one dangling in the appendix, referring to another book (*). supervised learning: training with specific input and labeled Read the full article…

Who We Are. What A.I. Can become.

In the near future, we will learn many exciting things in both domains. They will turn out to be very inspiring in both directions. “I think one of the big breakthroughs that’s going to come is we’re going to understand the brain… so that suddenly it all begins to click” Quoting Geoffrey Hinton, ‘godfather of Read the full article…

Robotizing Humans or Humanizing Robots

The latter may be necessary to prevent the former. The power of A.I. can be used in both directions. Hopefully, the next A.I. breakthrough brings us more of the latter. Challenging times. We are living in an era of transition in many ways. One of them is the birth of a new kind of intelligence Read the full article…

Explainability in A.I., Boon or Bust?

Explainability seems like the safe option. With A.I. of growing complexity, it may be quite the reverse. Much of the reason can be found inside ourselves. What is ‘explainability’ in A.I.? It’s not only about an A.I. system being able to do something but also to explain how and why this has been done. The Read the full article…

The Next Breakthrough in A.I.

will not be technological, but philosophical. Of course, technology will be necessary to realize the philosophical. It will not be one more technological breakthrough, but rather a combination of new and old technologies. “Present-day A.I. = sophisticated perception” These are the words of Yann LeCun, a leading A.I. scientist, founding father of convolutional nets, which Read the full article…

Lisa Into the Future

Say, 2030. (Hopefully sooner.) “The only defense against bad A.I. is good A.I.” Does this sound like a clear statement? Of course, there is a grain of salt needed when reading the following. Still, it is a possible future, one way or another. Perhaps Lisa will be Jérôme or Annabel or Li Ping. In any Read the full article…

A.I. and Constructionism

Many people, and Western culture (if not most cultures) in general, mainly live in ‘constructed reality.’ In combination with the power of A.I., this is excruciatingly dangerous. Constructionism [see: “Constructionism“] In short, humans mainly live in a ‘constructed reality’ full of group-based assumptions. On the one side, this is an asset. It makes life simpler. Read the full article…

Lisa as a Pattern Recognizer

Patterns and deeper patterns. Listening to many users, Lisa will recognize the patterns with which people need to work on themselves for a better, healthier and more profound life with less avoidable suffering. Recognizing patterns? Lisa is a Compassion-based, A.I.-driven coaching chat-bot. [see: “Lisa“] Lisa guides people Compassionately through recognizing patterns and ‘deeper patterns.’ The Read the full article…

Why Conscious A.I. is Near

Without pinning a date, it’s dangerous that many researchers/developers are making progress in many aspects of A.I. without deep insight into consciousness. Scary? ‘Near’ in the title is meant relative. The issue is the following. The ways are such, and the competition is such that I don’t see any other option than that we are Read the full article…

A.I. Business Sustainability

Following a chapter of my book. [see: “The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I.“] As the cliché goes: One thing is certain, and that is the uncertainty of the future. Trillions “PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates AI deployment will add $15.7 trillion to global GDP by 2030.” [Lee, 2018] If this is not a business opportunity, then what is? And Read the full article…

Transparency in A.I.

We should strive to the highest degree of transparency in A.I., but not at the detriment of ourselves. Information transparency In conceptual information processing systems (frequently called A.I.), transparency is the showing of all data (information, concepts) that are used in decision making of any kind. In system-human interaction, the human may ask the system Read the full article…

Reinforcement Learning & Compassionate A.I.

This is rather abstract. There is an agent with a goal, a sensor, and an actor. Occasionally, the agent uses a model of the environment. There are rewards and one or more value functions that value the rewards. Maximizing the goal (through acting) based on rewards (through sensing) is reinforcement learning (R.L.). The agent’s policy Read the full article…

Dawn of Opening Up

The times, they are a-changing into an era with many unforeseen challenges and possibilities. A.I. makes it even more so. One of the essential changes is a gradual Opening up of who we are as a human species, especially regarding the mind in its non-conscious presence. Openness in several domains As in AURELIS subprojects: Open Read the full article…

A.I., HR, Danger Ahead

Many categorizing HR techniques are controversial, and rightly so. There is little to no scientific background. Despite this, they keep being used. Why do people feel OK with this? In combination with A.I., it is extremely dangerous. People feel a longing for control. Naturally. Being alive is about ‘agency,’ which is about wanting control. Without Read the full article…

Is Climate Change More Critical than A.I.?

Reckoning in years, probably not. Of course, in no way do I want to underestimate the immense importance of Climate Change. ►►► WHY read this? The curve of A.I. becoming an existential issue may soon enough become much steeper than that of Climate Change. ◄◄◄ There is no way around the experts’ opinion that we Read the full article…

Why to Invest in Compassionate A.I.

Most A.I. engineers have a limited view on organic intelligence, let alone consciousness or Compassion. That’s a huge problem. Indeed, I’ve written a book about Compassionate A.I. See: “The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I.: Who We Are – What A.I. Can Become – Why It Matters” Am I trying to attract investors for this now? Or Read the full article…

What Makes Lisa Compassionate?

There are two sides to this: the ethical and the technological. Lisa is an A.I.-driven coaching chat-bot. For more: [see: “Lisa“]. Compassionate Artificial Intelligence In my book The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I. : Who We Are – What A.I. Can Become – Why It Matters, I go deeply into the concepts of Information, Intelligence, Consciousness, Read the full article…

Can We Always Turn the Switch Off if A.I. Turns Rogue?

In theory, this existential issue is as simple as it can get. In practice, it’s problematic. [This is an excerpt from my book ‘The Journey towards Compassionate A.I.’] Many questions prevent a straightforward answer to the question in the title. For starters, who will turn the switch off? Let me divide the issues into 1) Read the full article…

Lisa in Corona Times

This is about what Lisa [see: “Lisa”] can accomplish in ‘corona times,’ now and in the future. Let’s hope to get her ‘live’ as soon as possible. Two ways Lisa can provide immediate help and relief of suffering through her full coaching including her guidance to AURELIS mental exercises. Lisa is also about pattern recognition Read the full article…

The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I.

So, I’ve written a book. It carries the same title as this blog. It’s about intelligence, consciousness, and Compassion (with capital). Only on the background of these can one talk about the future of real A.I. (and us). First things first: ‘The Journey Towards Compassionate A.I.’ is available through many internet outlets, such as Amazon. Read the full article…

Human Vulnerability

In an A.I. future – and already now – the main vulnerability of the human race will be the result of our not seeing the most significant part of ourselves. I’m talking about non-conscious mental processing. Every feeling, every thought that arises within any person, including you, here, now, rises from somewhere, including a myriad Read the full article…

Artificial Intentionality

Intentionality – the fact of being deliberate or purposive (Oxford dictionary) – originates in the complexity of integrated information. Will A.I. ever show intentionality? According to me, A.I. will show intentionality rather soon Twenty years ago, I thought it would be around now (2020). Right now, I think it will be in 20 years from Read the full article…

Selling Data is Selling Soul

… if the data are personal and in a big data context. It’s like a Faustian deal, but Faust only sold his own soul. Where is Mephistopheles? Big data + A.I. = big knowledge Artificial Intelligence is already so powerful that it can turn much data (passive, unrelated) into knowledge (active, related). ‘Knowledge is power’ Read the full article…

Compassionate A.I.

Let me be very positive, envisioning a future in which A.I. will have as the main characteristic that which also is the best in human being. Let me call it ‘Compassion.’ A term does not have the magical feature of conjuring up a concept unless this concept is well defined and agreed upon. To me Read the full article…

Is Lisa the Durable Answer?

Lisa promises mental support for an indefinite number of people one-on-one and simultaneously. In this, the ‘heart’ is most important and most durable now and in the future. Who is Lisa? [see: “Lisa”] In short, Lisa-software has three purposes, as: an assistant to AURELIS, guiding users to the appropriate AURELIS tool(s) an A.I. coaching chatbot, Read the full article…

Lisa

Lisa will be an in-depth companion to many people, as well as a continuous coach on many domains. Who’s that girl? ‘Lisa’ is the name of the project in which Lisa is the A.I. female coach, Lars is the male variant. I use the term ‘Lisa’ indiscriminately. Lisa is a coaching chat-bot based on A.I. Read the full article…

A.I. Explainability versus ‘the Heart’

Researchers are moving towards bringing ‘heart’ into A.I. Thus, new ethical questions are popping up. One of them concerns explainability. The heart cannot explain itself. “On ne voit bien qu’avec le cœur. L’essentiel est invisible pour les yeux.” [Antoine de Saint-Exupéry] “It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential Read the full article…

A.I. Is in the Patterns

And so is ‘intelligence’ in general. At least what we humanly call ‘intelligence’, mainly because we ourselves are so good at pattern-processing… But, why not? A.I. is not (exclusively) in the serial look-up Neither does our human brain function this way [see: “Human Brain: Giant Pattern Recognizer”]. A machine that performs look-ups and nothing but Read the full article…

A.I. to Benefit Humans

‘Human-oriented’ is not the same as ‘ego-oriented.’ As never before, and perhaps never after, we have with A.I. a powerful toolbox that can be used in any direction. In-depth As to AURELIS ethics, the striving – of A.I. and of any other development – should definitely be towards humanity-in-depth, the ‘total human being,’ as opposed to Read the full article…

Can A.I. be Empathic?

Not readily in the completely human sense of course. But can A.I. show sufficient ‘empathy’ for a human to recognize it as such, relate to it and even ‘grow’ through it? [Please read: “Landscape of Empathy”] Humans tend to ‘recognize’ human features in many things. We look at the clouds and we see human faces Read the full article…

What Is Morality to A.I.?

Agreed: it’s not even evident what ‘morality’ means to us. Soon comes A.I. Will it be ‘morally good’? Humans have a natural propensity towards morality. Whether we tend towards ‘good’ or ‘bad’, we have feelings and generally recognize these in others too, in humans and in animals. We share organic roots. We recognize suffering and Read the full article…

A.I. Will Be Singular

We tend to see human intelligence as what ‘intelligence’ is all about. Many humans each have intelligence. Of course, A.I. will not be bound by this. “If A.I. simulates human intelligence, is this then real intelligence, or only a simulation of intelligence?” This appears to be a merely philosophical question. It will soon be much Read the full article…

Ethical A.I.

A.I. is almost here. No doubt about it. Once mature, it will answer its own ethical questions. Right now, we can still give some guidance to this near future. Time scale It’s easy to misjudge the time scale in which this will become hugely relevant to us. It will be so to our children or, Read the full article…

Will A.I. Have Its Own Feelings and Purpose?

Anno 2025: A.I. has made its entry and it’s here to stay. Human based? We generally think of ‘feelings’ as human-based. But that is just a historical artifact, a kind of convention. Does an ant have feelings? Or a goldfish, a snake, a mouse? Does a rabbit have feelings? I think these are the wrong Read the full article…

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