Human Brain: Giant Pattern Recognizer

The human brain does not process information in purely linear ways, like a serial digital computer. Instead of this, many things in the brain happen in parallel and coordinated ways simultaneously at many levels. No serial look-up Leaving any soul-stuff aside, people use(d) to think of the human brain as a kind of giant serial Read the full article…

The Modern Subconscious

“Consciousness is a much smaller part of our mental life than we are conscious of, because we cannot be conscious of what we are not conscious of. How simple is that to say; how difficult to appreciate!” (J. Jaynes 1976) From light waves to consciousness When looking at the world, we are consciously aware of Read the full article…

The Subconscious in Action

Subconscious processing is everywhere. It is the basis of any thought, feeling, action etc.  [see: “The Modern Subconscious”] Still, we don’t ‘see’ it in action because it is transparent, in the way that our eyes are transparent when we are looking through them… all the time. The below listing is an enumeration of just a Read the full article…

Suggestion: Communication to the Subconscious

Subconscious mental processing is organic, not mechanical. Therefore it changes in a positive way through growth. Growth needs direction and freedom, a combination that is only possible through (auto)suggestion. Conceptual communication is very, well…, concept-based. It is communication with clear and distinct concepts. That’s not bad in itself. In many domains, there is no direct Read the full article…

Inner Dissociation is NEVER OK!

According to me, one can appropriately say that dissociation – that is: the absence of integration – is THE cause of human-concocted ‘evil’. [see: ‘Cause of All Suffering: Dissociation’] So, it’s never OK to say ‘OK’ to this. There is a responsibility of any well-thinking human being to oppose dissociation. Mind: not opposing ‘dissociated people’ Read the full article…

No Rationality without Poetry

Rationality without poetry (‘depth’) is meaningless. Moreover: it’s not even rational. Thus, better call it ‘rationality’ (between brackets). [see: ‘AURELIS USP: ‘100% Rationality, 100% Depth’] Rationality is not only about concepts Of course, conceptual thinking is of huge importance. No doubt. However, through correct conceptual thinking, one can arrive at its own limits: 100% conceptual Read the full article…

Listening to Music… with Ears of Soul

Any music will do, but I think this goes better with gentle sounds. At least that is true for me. Ears of soul, that is to say: from inside. Ears of soul, that is to say: from within the music. Ears of soul, that is to say: from within your deeper self. Do you feel Read the full article…

Subtlety

Something is subtle when related concepts are semantically close to each other or even overlap each other, while the distinctions are relevant and yet hard to grasp. One is easily mistaken, which has important implications. Subtlety is different from hairsplitting. This is very important! … and in a number of cases it is subtle too. Read the full article…

The Brainy Trinity

The ‘triune brain’ is a popular concept: reptilian – mammalian – human. Yet the brain functions as a whole. This has huge implications. Evolution, no engineering Evidently, a mechanically engineered brain would be very different from the organically evolved one that we may call ‘home’ in the most literal sense. We are organic. Any naturally Read the full article…

Simply Beautiful

Eventually, what is beautiful is simple. Also when this beauty is surrounded by complexity. Simplicity in beauty Beauty doesn’t necessarily mean ‘not much’. It always means ‘not too much’. At least, no superfluous complexity is standing in the way. So as much as possible, beauty can flow where it wants. According to me, beauty is Read the full article…

‘Here and Now’: the Fourth Time

This is the so called ‘here and now’ that takes place neither in the past, nor in the future, nor in the present. Three common times if you want: past, present, future. The fourth time hovers over the other three, as it were. At first sight it seems to be only about ‘now’ of course, Read the full article…

Rationality and Poetry

People are more rational than other animals. More poetic too. Probably we differ more in the latter than in the former. Rationality = taking into account as much as possible elements from reality and linking them together in the most logical way possible in order to generate new knowledge. Poetry = reacting deeply to something, Read the full article…

Sliding to the Underlying…

the distinction between ‘symptomatic’ and ‘symptom-as-tube’ is super important. A short review Medicine is often symptomatic. It is about fighting the symptom, attaching little to no importance to any signs of an underlying psychosomatic situation. In several forms of psychotherapy, one mainly focuses on the underlying. The symptom may decrease by responding to these underlying Read the full article…

Unconditional Love

There is no other ‘love’ than unconditional love. Love is the most important thing throughout AURELIS, as it is of course in many other traditions. So, from AURELIS viewpoint also: love is the most important thing of all. BUT: love is obviously just a term, a reference to a quite abstract concept. People may, as Read the full article…

Letting Go towards Wholeness

‘Letting go’ is an important attitude regarding anything that keeps you from ‘being who you are’. The latter is subtle, difficult and vital. [see also, more poetically but not easy: ‘Having ‘Control’ and Letting Go of It’] Goal: wholeness A sub-goal towards this is openness, as in ‘Open Leadership’, ‘Open Religion’, ‘Open Mindfulness’ etc. This Read the full article…

Being Kind

You are kind. You make people feel good. OK. This way they may have more opportunity to be kind to themselves. Why not? Pay attention though. And of course, pay attention to the attention itself because too much attention may stop all kinds of things that can only be themselves when allowed to flow freely. Read the full article…

Depth Makes the Teacher

Okay. I immediately ask myself whom I am actually writing this for. It is striking that people, if they start listening to someone who wants to gain a better ‘understanding’ of something, tend to some kind of expectation where that ‘someone’ should fit in. Would C.G. Jung talk about an archetype? He probably would. Different Read the full article…

Behold the Crystal Ball

We go back in time a few centuries (it’s not necessary, but it happens to work well now). Imagine yourself sitting in a tent at a fair At the front of your tent, there’s a sign that indicates you have ‘the gift’. Nice 😊. Everything in the tent is as it should be. Semi blackout Read the full article…

Whence Beauty?

To me, a world without beauty is hardly a world worth living in. Some tend to reduce beauty to an ‘evolutionary trick’ something like a mechanism concocted by nature only to lure us into existence and even more: keep us here… This reasoning may be correct. However, the ‘only’ is loathsome because it’s not the Read the full article…

“It’s Just the Way it Is”

No, it’s not. “This is reality, to which you have to adjust.” “This is how people are.” “It’s the way of the world.” Etc. etc. I do not agree. Apparently, I never came out of my ‘monkey years’, which in my country is another term for ‘puberty / adolescence’… and I see no reason why Read the full article…

Having ‘Control’ and Letting Go of It

I think of Jonathan Livingston Seagull (in case you don’t know him, long live the Internet). I think of wings. I think of a huge sense of freedom. Therein too lies control, be it of a very different dimension than in the phrase ‘I have everything under control’. It’s less evident. People do sometimes mind Read the full article…

Order out of Chaos?

Something can appear chaotic while containing an inherent order. In this case, the ‘chaos’ is possibly very important. People have a natural aversion to chaos. This may even be seen as a general characteristic of life: in defiance of a universal ‘fall towards entropy/chaos’, life stitches together a living space of order. Life, in this Read the full article…

The Message and the Door

“… Your belief has healed you. ” [Lucas, 18, 35] 2000 years ago it was already the case and it is still true: people are not taught to ‘believe’ in themselves (in their ‘total self’). On the contrary! In this sense, the above sounds revolutionary to me. ‘Belief in what’? As stated: ‘Belief in Yourself Read the full article…

A Lady’s Beauty is a Gentleman’s Delight

Romantic enough? Or: sexist enough? Or: validating ‘beauty’ and ‘delight’, is there any choice? Of course, this may all be reciprocal. Lady, gentleman These concepts seem to come from an unreal past. Even so, I do want to honor them, specifically in AURELIS-context. To me, they point to deep respect for oneself as total person Read the full article…

“There is More between Heaven and Earth…”

But there are no gnomes. Regrettably. It would be nice: such cute thumb-sized males and females with funny stocking caps that are made of gnome sheep’s wool. But they do not exist. How come that I ‘know’ that? Now then: I do not ‘know’ it. Maybe they always disappear when people are watching. Maybe there’s Read the full article…

Pied Pipers of Hamelin

There are already more than enough pied pipers of Hamelin. ~~~~~~ One metric ton of so called ‘depth’ is easier to fathom than an ounce of real stuff whatever that may be. You don’t have to look like a spirit of the forest to bring depth. There is no harm in it, but it really Read the full article…

Clouds – Rain

An ‘unsui’ (*) was, in ancient Japan, a kind of monk moving around lifelong from monastery to monastery. Time and again he was fully present in the here and now. And time and time again he was ready to depart ‘here and now’. Not that he was running away from all these places. On the Read the full article…

What is Elegance?

Elegance is beauty, strength, wisdom, oneness. Of course, this is all hugely subjective. This text says perhaps more about me than about anything else. Finding something elegant is definitely animalistic yet it is what no other animal can do better than a human. Apparently, one needs a ‘very complex processing system’ to do the trick. Read the full article…

Growth to Happiness

Happiness can hardly be found at the end of happiness-road. It can be found at growth-road. Actually, it is that road. People who search for happiness – just like that – frequently end up being less happy. It’s a kind of nature’s revenge, maybe, especially when one and the other end up in a vicious Read the full article…

Beginner’s Mind, Forever

DISCLAIMER: read this only if you know what it says. ‘Beginner’s mind’ … Beginner in what? I would say, without thinking: beginner in love. With a special clarification: there where love is new , where it – you might say if you know what I mean with this – is ‘romantic love’, being in love Read the full article…

Humility

Very important and also immensely difficult. It’s an exercise that may easily last a lifetime: ‘humility of ego’. You think that you understand what it’s about and at the same time you say ‘I’. ‘I’ know better than many others what humility is. Great! Humility doesn’t know itself. (How I know this? Well…) ‘Knowing yourself’ Read the full article…

Tickling from a Distance

One may give examples from one’s own life, no? The following text is such an example. Probably each dad (and the mothers too) recognize it: tickling your kid(s) from a distance. It goes like this: you slowly let your tickle fingers travel toward a tickle spot at your child and your little sprout already starts Read the full article…

True Science

… and thus not what is often seen as such. And which in turn is being thrown in the trash by others, mainly in an effort to make oneself be seen. Science is being used and crushed for the same reasons. True science begins and ends with devotion and is devotion all the time. Firstly Read the full article…

The Art of ‘Giving’

So: giving is an art? Indeed it is. Exchanging on the other hand, is not an art. The difference between giving and exchanging is what makes it an art. This requires a subtle attention. You really expect nothing in return, or do you? “I am always giving and they only take advantage…” “A thank you Read the full article…

The Importance of ‘Certainty’

With ‘certainty’ I mean something that you can see as a kind of open surrogate for the belief in a placebo. This is to say: the action of believing in it (so the power, without the lie of it). It is a ‘certainty’ that you can basically take up yourself and that makes many things Read the full article…

Insight is Not a Supermarket

Lots of people are kind of lost. They are searching it here and they are looking for it there and they cannot find it anywhere, so they create it themselves… based on some bits and pieces that they glue together into something that looks like a house to mentally live in. But is that house Read the full article…

Being of Value

That’s what we all are: beings of value. Even of immense value. We should dare to acknowledge that and act accordingly. I know it’s not always easy to acknowledge one’s value. I’ve had my ups and downs in life myself. I’ve also seen people in diverse situations, including in most dire ones where even the Read the full article…

Daydreaming: Time Well Spent!

We – almost – all daydream at least once a day, shifting our attention from the external world to internal mentation. This wouldn’t be so if not very important. Why? Using brain scans such as fMRI, scientist discovered the neural basis of daydreaming, being a set of brain structures which turn on in between cognitive Read the full article…

Group Thinking

The French term ‘pensée unique’ is frequently used for what is actually ‘pensée de groupe’ (group thinking). This is a human inclination with dire consequences but which can be overcome through proper support and personal effort. This is related to a quite natural human inclination. In many cases, your brain (thus: you) doesn’t readily like Read the full article…

X or Not X, Versus: X or Y

This is a straightforward blog, although you may need to keep your attention focused on the logic. For instance: Freedom of speech: are you for or against it? … (just enough time for your immediate answer.) OK. Until recently, I would hesitate a bit, then say yes. Now let’s put ‘freedom of speech’ versus ‘the Read the full article…

Two Meanings of ‘Meaning’

The difference mainly involves ‘depth’. Two meanings that should not be confused. These are: What one can find in a dictionary – the formal definition What ‘deeply touches’ someone – poetry, art, religion, loved ones, or an important memory The former definition by itself does not ‘deeply touch’ a person. It is the domain of Read the full article…

Don’t Think Too Fast: “I Do Know It”

AURELIS, or more generally the deeper self, is not easy to grasp. That is clear. Less obvious perhaps is that it is VASTLY not easy to grasp. According to me, the greatest difficulty is an ego that is standing in the way. Is it really necessary to thoroughly ‘grasp’ it? According to me, the greatest Read the full article…

Expansion of Consciousness

Curious how so many different worlds can live in one word People talk often about expansion of consciousness as something that is quite the opposite from what is my understanding of it. At the very least, I think, it is interesting to clarify this distinction. Because AURELIS is about expansion of consciousness from a to Read the full article…

Weak, Hard, Strong, Gentle

One picture’s worth In this picture, I put weak versus hard, whereas gentle and strong are rather pointing to each other. In many real-life situations, people put the two blobs in the picture against each other. They don’t want to be (A), so they fall into (B) or vice versa. I see in this an Read the full article…

Each TOTAL Person is Infinitely Important!

There are many ways to articulate the ‘core’ of AURELIS. This (the title of this text) is a way that touches me personally. Everyone is very important, even ‘infinitely’ important. At the same time, this makes us all equally valuable. No discrimination. No distinction in deeper value. A child is a child, whether it is Read the full article…

Why Full Teacups Are Not Big Fans of ‘Empty’ Teacups

‘Emptiness’ is a screen on which much can be projected. HA! Of course lots of things are emerging from ’emptiness’. Things of which you may search for some ‘conceptual cause” which cannot be found in that ’emptiness’, because there is simply no ‘conceptual cause’ present in it. That is just what ’emptiness’ means: ’empty’ of Read the full article…

Do People Fit in Boxes?

One likes to put people in boxes. Particularly in business circles, this is a sport ‘that could peel paint off the wall’. A theory. An authority. A quadrant. Arrows. PowerPoint … And off you go. However, there are a lot of theories, many arrows, many slides, many types of boxes (DISC, LIFO, MBTI, core strengths Read the full article…

‘Doing Good’: Not as Easy as It Seems

Imagine you are a ‘special kind of therapist’. Good. All kinds of people come by your place with a ‘problem’ and they leave with a sense of relief, glad they came along. After a while they come back and then the same phenomenon occurs. Friendly faces. Nothing to worry about. ‘Doing good’ seems evident. Is Read the full article…

The Distinction Between ‘Ego’ and ‘Total Self’ is Difficult to Grasp

… and it’s infinitely interesting (trying) to grasp it It can also fluctuate greatly. One moment ‘you have it’ and the other you lost it again Like the sun that is sometimes shining through the clouds. Knowing that the sun always keeps shining behind the clouds may give confidence. Sometimes one sees clearly the mote Read the full article…

Zombification

Disclaimer: this text is not for overly sensitive readers. The term ‘zombie’ probably comes from the West African nzambi, which means: a dead person who is made alive again, but who has no own free will. In the Afro-Caribbean culture this is an essential part of voodoo (originally from West Africa). So, we are in Read the full article…

The Story of Ego

The evolution from ‘I’ into ‘ego’ has been very gradual, as has been the appearance of consciousness. In a way, the latter is central to the former. [see: The Story of ‘I’. The present text is its continuation.] Consciousness has not been developed for the sake of ‘ego’. Nevertheless, it was indispensable for the appearance Read the full article…

The Story of ‘I’

Animals have an ‘I’ from the moment they know the difference between moving and sensing that something else is moving. In terms of evolution, this ‘I’ came way before ‘ego’. Say: some 700 million years before which is according to very subjective criteria of course. One could argue for much longer. Weirdness of ‘I’ Many Read the full article…

Hooray it Works!

It seems like the basis of this culture. Not so much the phrase in itself but rather the direct stop at its end. It is a culture of minimal effort. If ‘it works’ … what more do you want? It is also a culture of ‘many’. Many things. Something works and off you go to Read the full article…

Dancing With the ‘Deeper Self’

Letting emerge a ‘spontaneous association’, seems to be one of the easiest things to do. But what exactly is a ‘spontaneous association’? Is every thought ultimately a ‘spontaneous association’, or is there qualitatively more in the game? ‘Spontaneous’ is gradual of course. It is possible to let a spontaneous association about a particular idea emerge… Read the full article…

What is Not Coming from You, Flattens You

‘Flattens you’ in the sense of being apathic, without depth. ‘Flattens you’ in the sense of superficial. E.g. suppose a mother gives kisses on a sore place and she continues to ‘mother’ the pain with superficial attention for a long time -> she sensitizes her child for pain by not learning it how to deal Read the full article…

A Stepping Stone?

If you want that a child learns to count to 10, you can start teaching it to count from 1 to 2. Well done. However, if the child is at the same time being led to believe that there is absolutely nothing after the 2, really nothing at all, because 2 is simply ‘the best Read the full article…

Meaning

Lots of people are looking for the ‘meaning of existence’. This seems feeble but this search is often crucial in many ways, even where it is not immediately clear. For example, whether or not someone experiences certain circumstances as negatively stressful (also at the work place), depends very much on an underlying sense of ‘meaning’: Read the full article…

The Goal: Freedom

… of the total person. This may assume a serious commitment, a firm attitude, discipline. It judders and clashes with all sorts of … and yet. A good starting point may be: “nothing changes me.” So also: “nothing stops me,” because if one is changing from within, then that change itself is the situation and Read the full article…

A Humble Person Doesn’t Submit.

‘Acceptance without submission’ is a meaningful exercise that requires a certain dose of humility. This may be important in every domain of life. “Change what you cannot accept. Accept what you cannot change.” This well-known saying seems to put acceptance and change in competition to each other. However, acceptance may go together with trying to Read the full article…

Vision!

A coach and a leader have in common what is perhaps their main asset: the ability to ‘see what no other has seen before’, a future that is at the same time personal and universal. [Note: this is not an easy text.] This is not about eye-vision of course. In the coach’s case it may Read the full article…

In-Box-Thinking

It strikes me that intelligent people are sometimes immune to rationality in a circumscribed domain. This is VERY intriguing. I have as close-to-me example a quite intelligent medical colleague and friend who has… the ‘magical, healing hand’. Well… There are millions of examples like this. It’s not at all some isolated case. The term in-box-thinking Read the full article…

To Measure Is to Know?

To measure is to know… but only if you know what you are measuring. If you are confused in this, chances are you end up knowing even less than before. Western culture seems to be addicted to measuring, whether it be in management or medicine, education or economics… I see this as part of a Read the full article…

The Culminating Point

… The top and then some …. A little story from, you-probably-know-where, is about a 30 m high pile. You scramble up this pile. And then? Then you are on top of this pile. And then? Then you take a ‘step’ forward … but you’d rather not if you don’t know deeply within yourself what Read the full article…

Experiences

One experience may convince more than thousand words because an experience lives – if experienced well – inside your heart. To convince someone of a clear-cut idea, rational argumentation may do. To convince someone of a deeply ethical viewpoint, or a visionary one, or a personally appreciative one, or even a religious viewpoint is much Read the full article…

What’s the Problem?

The problem is worldwide. Burnout within company X -> search for a direct solution. Symptom Y in psychosomatic healthcare -> search for a direct solution. And in combination: a lot of physicians – apparently more than any other profession – get into burnout. Part of the cause may well be their being incarcerated in a Read the full article…

What is Subtlety?

Subtlety is not weakness, nor evasiveness. In many cases, it demands courage, especially when at risk of being misunderstood. Subtlety is not plainly vague, nor elusive, nor ‘indistinct’ but on the contrary: as distinct as possible in a domain in which distinctness is difficult. It’s not indirect but precisely to the point. Subtlety is about Read the full article…

Don’t Be Vulnerable

Now and then, an admonishment is ushered to ‘show one’s vulnerable side.’ Thereby never to show oneself as ‘the tough guy’ (or girl). OK, there is something in this. But I don’t quite agree. I think that one should never readily show oneself as vulnerable. There is no point in showing oneself as vulnerable, nor Read the full article…

How to Focus Your Attention

Attention is the weirdest thing. It seems so close and yet, precisely through its closeness, we cannot directly look at it. Compare it with not being able to see your own eyes, except in a mirror. And prepare for weirdness. Attention shifts happen unconsciously. Consciously you only notice that your attention has already shifted. If Read the full article…

Always Responsible, Never Guilty

The difference between guilt and responsibility is very important, yet frequently it’s barely acknowledged. You are guilty when having committed a crime. What is denoted as a crime may vary. Sometimes homosexuality is seen as an awful crime. At another time and place, it’s normal behavior. Crime does not exist without cultural definition. A set Read the full article…

You Are an Organism, Not a Mechanism.

The difference is relevant to every aspect of life. You are an organism, not a mechanism. Though this seems the most obvious insight, still we mostly act as if the reverse is true. Even the working of the brain used to be understood as some kind of hydraulic system with pressure valves and the like, Read the full article…

From Discussion to Conversation

This is not obvious to many people. Thereby they get into needless difficulties. This is about people talking about some meaningful issue in a domain they both hold dear. Eventually of course, it can be any domain. Some terminology, pointing to extremes for the sake of clarification: A (converging) conversation is a being together, talking Read the full article…

The Difference between Being Alone and Being Lonely

Being (= feeling) lonely is as much related to you as to your situation. Most of all, it is about a meaningful relationship with yourself. A person can be very alone, yet not feel lonely – and a person can feel very lonely, yet not be alone. The fact that this is possible, means that Read the full article…

Three Waves of Attention

Where there is life, there is attention. Where there is attention, there is life. AURELIS integrates rationality and poetry in a specific view of human being. It brings together body and mind, East and West, past, present and future. Most of all, it unifies conscious thinking and the subconscious mind as understood in modern cognitive Read the full article…

Three Dangers of Careless Depth

The ‘deeper’ has already led to many accidents. Look at the pitiful excesses of Catholicism. It’s just an example. But that should not be a reason to throw away the ‘deeper’. However, one ought to be particularly careful with it. As a starters, one can make a primary distinction between: BLACK – the ‘deeper’ turns Read the full article…

You Are Free Even while Freedom Is an Illusion

Freedom has multiple aspects. In a previous post, I described how you can feel free [see: ‘In Defense of Free Will’]. While this is a nice feeling, are you indeed really free? A determinist says: no. Does determinism annihilate free will? Let’s define determinism for now as the idea that everything in the universe is Read the full article…

In Defense of Free Will

Free will as generally conceived, appears to be an illusion. This doesn’t mean that we ‘have no free will’. [see also: ‘You Are Free Even while Freedom Is an Illusion’] The notion of personal ‘free will’ is probably as old as humanity. Only God or some devil – or a witch – might interfere and Read the full article…

Are You Your Brain?

There is no simple answer to this question – but there is a very interesting one. Take the Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci. Let’s agree this is art. Now set it on fire. What remains are ashes. Yet nothing materially has vanished. The same atoms are present as there were in the Mona Lisa. Read the full article…

What’s the Secret?

Looking for the ‘secret’ can be shallow or very profound. Shallowness shouldn’t close the doors of profound perception. Shallow = the ‘secret’ as a simple key leading straight towards worldly success, wealth and fame. For instance, through mindlessly, mechanically repeating ‘I want’. A simple mechanism as if oneself were also nothing but a mechanical construct. Read the full article…

Love makes you stronger

Stronger in every respect – if you can let it have this effect upon you. What is mostly needed is your firm choice to do so. “Love makes you stronger…” At first sight this doesn’t necessarily fit. Love may drive a person to transcend his own personal well-being, like a parent caring first for his Read the full article…

Kindness is strength.

One leads to the other – in both directions – kindness leading to strength and strength leading to kindness. Real kindness automatically leads to strength. To many however, kindness is seen as a weakness. Indeed, a person can show kindness out of fear of being treated himself in a non-kind way, or out of fear Read the full article…

How to achieve happiness in work, life and play.

Happiness cannot be grabbed – principally. If you want to achieve it by grabbing it – that’s impossible. Try it and you lose it. So think about what you feel when you feel happiness. You feel all kinds of positive feelings. You feel little or no negative feelings. And this play of what you feel Read the full article…

About ‘Subconceptual’ (From My PhD Thesis)

The brain is continuously undergoing plastic remodeling through dynamically changing neural networks. This is about processing at the subconceptual level. [Please read first: ‘About Concepts’] Subconceptual processing (SP) deals with the way that we perform any mental action as seen in fine detail. Small elements (neurons, dendrites, synapses…)  in our brain act together to form Read the full article…

About Concepts (From My PhD Thesis)

When talking about the ‘subconceptual’ [see About ‘Subconceptual’], it is also important to understand what is meant by ‘conceptual’. This is not a straightforward discussion. According to the classical view of concepts, the definition of a concept is “a proposition that gives a set of individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for being in the Read the full article…

What Is Your True Self?

‘True self’ is the idea of an essence that resides in a person and that is ‘more true’ than other, more changeable parts. But is this truly real? People change with age, in body and mind. Especially at the surface, these changes can be quite visible. Then the question is logical: am I still the Read the full article…