Object-Science Versus Subject-Science

April 27, 2018 AURELIS, Sociocultural Issues No Comments

Science about objects: physics, chemistry… Science about subjects: psychology, history… Both sciences are different and important.

Alpha, beta, positive etc. Let’s skip that

and simply talk about object- versus subject-science. This is related to, respectively, closed-world versus open-world phenomena.

Explanatory analogy: A cloud (‘open world’ with lots of possible influences in all directions) doesn’t fit as such in a box (‘closed world’).

Subjects much more readily belong to an open world and within subjects, probably most of all the deeper layers of mental – subconceptual – processing. [see: ‘About ‘Subconceptual’] Thus, it’s important to AURELIS.

One should not ask for the same kind of scientific proof in both, or one risks excommunicating the open-world – thus: all that is subjective – from science altogether. That cannot be the intention. The subjective is the most important. Even more: ‘importance’ IS subjective.

It’s a scientific error to try and squeeze an open world into a closed world

where it doesn’t fit.

Further upon our analogy: If indeed you squeeze a cloud in a box, it doesn’t anymore behave like a cloud. It doesn’t anymore look like a cloud. That’s because it isn’t a cloud anymore. Thus, experiments in the box will not indiscriminately be applicable to the initial cloud.

One of the consequences shows itself nowadays as the ‘reproducibility crisis in psychological research’. Namely: repeated studies give (very) different results, even those deemed to be of the highest rigor. The world of human psyche is more ‘open’ than many scientists would like.

Subject-science appears to be (even much) more difficult than object-science.

One result: what do we know about the influence of psychotherapeutic models upon well-being of clients? Much less than was thought only a decade ago. And that already wasn’t that much.

Medicine also operates in a very open world inasmuch as psyche is involved.

Here we have an additional difficulty in that many researchers/practitioners still operate in a mostly Cartesian mindset (of strict mind/body divide). Quite a few colleagues of mine – OK, let’s be: honest: incomprehensibly many – try to see medicine as a much more somatic (bodily) endeavor than it possibly can be.

Anyway, as far as the psyche is involved, we have the same open-world difficulties as above.

One result: although we know that psyche plays a huge role, we know little about how and how much. In many cases, the role of psyche is being downgraded towards a little as possible, or even less.

Of course, this goes back to the cradle of modern Western medicine, its mirroring itself on the then revered clockwork-like physics, its huge emphasis on an urge to emancipate itself from the magical thinking of the preceding era, etc.

Although the physics of that day was completely closed-world, the world of health and healing has never been such. Unfortunately, we now have a medicine that has been basically conceived for a box it doesn’t well fit in as regards psycho-somatics.

Problems, problems…

An open world is much less easy to ‘falsify’.

[Falsification: where one tries to disprove a hypothesis. This is the basis of present-day ‘hard’ science.]

This is precisely because of what ‘open’ means: open to all kinds of influences that can act as biases and therefore need huge experimental rigor to avoid them. Moreover, at any time a new influence can be discovered that diminishes or annihilates the importance of prior results.

Still, science is of utmost importance.

What should not be done, is claiming more than what the studies reveal.

In psychotherapy, we should of course still perform experimental-scientific studies. In addition to this, we should also put much more emphasis on sound theoretical thinking.

Absolutely.

With AURELIS, sound prospective studies are very much needed. So, if you want to cooperate, please let me know!

Please follow and like us:
LinkedIn
Facebook
Facebook
Twitter
Google+
RSS
Follow by Email
SHARE

Related Posts

The Goal: Freedom

… of the total person. This may assume a serious commitment, a firm attitude, discipline. It judders and clashes with all sorts of … and yet. A good starting point may be: “nothing changes me.” So also: “nothing stops me,” because if one is changing from within, then that change itself is the situation and Read the full article…

Five Aurelian Values

Since AURELIS is about rational depth, ethics is important. This comes in the guise of 5 ‘aurelian values’: openness, depth, respect, freedom, trustworthiness. Starting from the total human being as measure of morality, there is of course nothing sacred in these five. It’s a very subjective choice. In principle, it could have been five others, Read the full article…

Importance of Science to AURELIS

Science is an attempt to strengthen common sense in such a way that it can be used to transcend ‘common sense’. For example: the world is flat. Undeniably.. Anyone with a little common sense can see that clearly. Someone with a bit more common sense however will continue to think about it. Why do ships Read the full article…